Man Reclining and Looking at his Laptop

Behind every technological change there was a driving force: heat in the age of steam, electricity in the age of electricity, computing in the digital age.

Since the birth of Amazon AWS in 2006, the emergence of cloud computing has made computing power exist in the form of a public service, and has greatly reduced the threshold of social use. Today, the cloud has hidden behind countless industries and become the cornerstone of today's digital transformation of society.

Difference in planning emphasizes create new advantages of digital economy, focus on cloud computing as a digital economy industry, made clear, with emphasis on the hybrid cloud, the cloud service industry development route: "focusing on hybrid cloud cultivation industry solutions, systems integration, operations management, and other cloud service industry", accelerate the hybrid cloud become the concerns of the industry of many service providers and users.

Undoubtedly, the policy support will be a great benefit to the development of hybrid cloud in 2022, and cloud manufacturers who have already released hybrid cloud strategy will be ready to strengthen their offensive stance under this new trend. If in the early days public cloud vendors and private cloud vendors were like two parallel lines, walking on completely different technology stacks, and fighting in their respective sniping modes, then today, the situation of mixed cloud is obvious, and three-dimensional warfare on land, sea and air will become the norm.

In 2022, based on the needs of industrial customers, hybrid cloud will become the focus of competition from all parties. Bold judgment, hybrid cloud, or will become the key to the 2022 cloud vendors.

Hybrid Cloud usually refers to the mixed deployment of public Cloud and private Cloud and the management of traditional physical environment. Of course, it also includes edge Cloud and edge computing forms that are increasingly widely deployed. Multi-cloud refers to the use of public clouds from multiple vendors, private clouds with multiple technology stacks, and edge cloud and edge computing solutions suitable for different scenarios.

According to the Flexera 2021 Cloud Status Report, 92% of enterprises adopt a multi-cloud strategy, with 82% using hybrid clouds and 10% using multiple public clouds. The report also shows that enterprises use an average of 2.6 public and 2.7 private clouds.

It can be said that hybrid cloud is the inevitable result of cloud computing technology evolution, complex and changeable business scenarios and demands, open business and technology ecology and other comprehensive factors in the process of digital transformation of enterprises.

Microsoft Azure has already launched Azure Stack hybrid cloud solution in 2017, Big Blue IBM in 2018 after the $34 billion acquisition of Red Hat in the hybrid cloud market strength, Amazon AWS at the end of 2018 re: The invents conference created a storm in the cloud computing market by announcing the launch of Outposts in 2019 and a partnership with VMware to occupy the hybrid cloud.

The multi-cloud strategy may be a strategy for these government and enterprise users to achieve security and efficiency. However, in fact, "multi-cloud" is only the first step. The further the practice goes, the more important it will be to realize the unified integration and management of resources in a complex multi-cloud environment, which is related to the continuous iterative innovation of business and the breaking of application data island in the enterprise.

Complex, has become the government and enterprise cloud "background", but also in the "cloud is easy to cloud is difficult". Previously, cloud computing has been criticized as "not open enough" because most cloud vendors develop PaaS on top of their own IaaS and form an integrated IaaS+PaaS solution, which naturally closes the PaaS platform to the outside world because cloud vendors themselves are integrated software and hardware. PaaS being tied to their own infrastructure is a more advantageous model.

The reason why it is called "new species in the industry" is that jingdong Cloud "Cloud ship" brings new possibilities to the management of hybrid cloud, shielding the differences of underlying infrastructure, unified scheduling and management of all infrastructure, and landing the open strategy in the deep water area. In this sense, Jingdong cloud "cloud ship" belongs to the supply-side reform of the "classic product".

2022 hybrid cloud "war" conjecture

Jingdong Cloud "Cloud ship" was born in the soil of mixed cloud, which is also changing synchronously. All kinds of phenomena and trends have shown that the "have it both ways" hybrid cloud is becoming the darling of the market, become the focus of cloud manufacturers during the fourteenth five years, its influence continues to spread to many industries and scenes.

There are several new phenomena that make 2022 the breakout year of hybrid cloud and the key to cloud vendors' success.

First, the rise of edge computing. With the development of chip technology and the landing of AI, IoT and smart devices are increasingly deployed, and the smart home industry is gradually thriving, making computing at the edge of the explosion. Forrester predicts that the use of AI in edge computing will change significantly by 2022: the learning phase in AI is usually done in data centers with powerful computing power, and from 2022 it will gradually happen at the edge, rather than training machine learning models in data centers. The integrated pattern of cloud and edge also becomes the meaning of hybrid cloud.

Second, advances in container technology increase the possibility of cross-cloud deployment of applications. 2021 is the year of explosive growth of container technology, which is generated with the pace of digital transformation. From cloud manufacturers to container cloud technology companies focused on the rapid development of container technology, container technology Docker and K8S are popular, so that the hybrid cloud smooth landing, customers no longer worry about being locked by a single manufacturer.

In this regard, the hybrid multi-cloud operating system jingdong Cloud "Cloud Ship" mentioned above is not only open to mainstream public cloud, private cloud and physical infrastructure at the bottom, but also drives smooth cloud evolution with the multi-cloud consistent container operating environment, and decouples IaaS and PaaS with the open-source cloud native architecture. Provide database, middleware, mobile, BDP, AI, IoT, security and other PaaS capabilities and DevOps/micro services and other application development and operation platform, committed to building ecological.

Fifty years ago, the invention of TCP/IP (Internet protocol) shielded the underlying, physical, and network differences. Then, all the technologists developed applications based on TCP/IP, laying a solid foundation for the prosperity of PC and mobile Internet. Today, 50 years later, Jingdong Cloud "Cloud ship" is to do the TCP/IP of mixed infrastructure, shielding the differences of underlying infrastructure, and unified scheduling and management of all infrastructure.

Finally, back to reality demand, namely 2022 outbreak still make economic environment on shade, full of uncertainty, the way of digital process is not smooth, the enterprise will certainly consider IT costs throttling, from private cloud into a hybrid cloud will both cost and safety is an optional in the right direction, this also means that the outbreak in 2022, under Hybrid cloud has become the "ladder" of cloud manufacturers.

In general, in 2022, the economy will move from virtual to real, with stability as the top priority, while hybrid cloud will make great strides and push digital transformation into a faster track. The competition and cooperation between cloud vendors will focus more on hybrid cloud.

Gray Clouds

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